Perfect Number Python Program

By | July 24, 2019
Perfect Number in Python – This Python programming tutorial will explain what is a perfect number with examples. It also provides a source code in Python for checking a number if it is a perfect number or not.

What is the Definition of a Perfect Number in Mathematics

In number theory, we may define a perfect number as follows: A perfect number is is a positive integer that is equal to the sum of its positive divisors, excluding the number itself.

Example of Perfect Number

For example, let us check whether 6 is a perfect number?
6 has divisors 1, 2 and 3 (excluding 6, itself),
Sum of these divisors = 1 + 2 + 3 = 6, Therefore, 6 is a perfect number.
Perfect Number Python Program

Perfect Number Python Program

Another Definition of Perfect Number

Perfect number is a positive integer that is equal to the sum of its proper divisors. A proper divisor is a divisor other than the number itself. For example, the divisors of 6 are 1, 2,3 and 6. But the proper divisors of 6 are 1, 2 and 3. The smallest perfect number is 6, which is the sum of 1, 2, and 3. The examples of some other perfect numbers are 28, 496, and 8,128. It also means that perfect numbers are very rare.

Examples of Perfect Numbers with the Sum of their Proper Divisors

6 is a Perfect Number:
The divisors of 6 are 1, 2, 3 and 6.
The sum of the proper divisors is 1 + 2 + 3 = 6

28 is a Perfect number:

The divisors of  28 are 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 and 28.
The sum of the proper divisors is 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 = 28

496 is a Perfect number:

The divisors of 496 are 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 31, 62, 124, 248 and 496.
The sum of the proper divisors is 1 + 2 + 4 + 8 + 16 + 31 + 62 + 124 + 248 = 496

8128 is a Perfect Number

The divisors of 8128 are 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 127, 254, 508, 1016, 2032, 4064 and 8128.

The sum of the proper divisors is 1+2+4+8+16+32+64+127+254+508+1016+2032+4064 =8128.

 

What is the Logic of Perfect Number Program in Python

Consider the positive integer number 6.

We have to find proper divisors of 6. We know that proper divisors of 6 will range from 1 to 3(the half of 6).

Therefore, we will use a loop to get the proper divisors of six and calculate their sum. This loop will start from 1 and the final value of  the loop control variable should be 3 which is half of the given number.

The Source code of Perfect Number Program in Python

# Write a Python Perfect Number program
# that asks the user to enter a number. 
# The program should check and display
# whether it is a Perfect Number.

# Author: www.EasyCodeBook.com (c)

num = int(input('Enter a Positive number to check for Perfect Number:'))
sum = 0
print('The proper divisors of',num,'are:', end='') 
for i in range(1,(num//2)+1):
    if num%i == 0:
        sum = sum + i
        print(i,',', end='')
print()        
print('The sum of the proper divisors of',num,'is=',sum)
if num==sum:
    print('Therefore',num,'is a Perfect Number.')
else:
    print('Therefore',num,'is not a Perfect Number.')    

The output of Perfect Number Program

Enter a Positive number to check for Perfect Number:812
The proper divisors of 812 are:1 ,2 ,4 ,7 ,14 ,28 ,29 ,58 ,116 ,203 ,406 ,
The sum of the proper divisors of 812 is= 868
Therefore 812 is not a Perfect Number.
Another sample output is:

Enter a Positive number to check for Perfect Number:8128
The proper divisors of 8128 are:1 ,2 ,4 ,8 ,16 ,32 ,64 ,127 ,254 ,508 ,1016 ,2032 ,4064 ,
The sum of the proper divisors of 8128 is= 8128
Therefore 8128 is a Perfect Number.

Another sample run:

Enter a Positive number to check for Perfect Number:496
The proper divisors of 496 are:1 ,2 ,4 ,8 ,16 ,31 ,62 ,124 ,248 ,
The sum of the proper divisors of 496 is= 496
Therefore 496 is a Perfect Number.

Example of Checking a Big Number for Perfect Number Program

Enter a Positive number to check for Perfect Number:33550336
The proper divisors of 33550336 are:1 ,2 ,4 ,8 ,16 ,32 ,64 ,128 ,256 ,512 ,1024 ,2048 ,4096 ,8191 ,16382 ,32764 ,65528 ,131056 ,262112 ,524224 ,1048448 ,2096896 ,4193792 ,8387584 ,16775168 ,
The sum of the proper divisors of 33550336 is= 33550336
Therefore 33550336 is a Perfect Number.

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