List in Python With Examples

By | April 29, 2020

Tpoic: List in Python With Examples

What is List in Python Language?

List is a dynamic collection of items of different types. Lists contain utems similar to the arrays of other programming languages like C, C++ and Java etc.

List in Python Language With Example Programs

List in Python Language With Example Programs

Difference between Array and List

The array is the collection of items of same data type. That is arrays are homogenious in nature. But Lists can contain items of different types, for example we can define a list of integers, floats and strings at the same time. Therefore Lists are heterogenious in nature.

Similarly, most of the programming languages support static arrays. The size of a static array cannt be changed during execution. Whereas we can change the siz of a list in Python language as and when needed during the exection of the program.

How To Create a List in Python Language

List is created by placing a sequence of items separeted by commas in a pair of square brackets.

Example of a List of 5 Integers

int_list = [10,20,11,2,90]

How to Create a List of Floats

temperatures = [32.7, 40.0, 39.5, 38.6, 41.4]

How to Create a List of Strings

my_strings = [‘hello’, ‘ Python’, ‘ Programming’, ‘ World’]

How to create an Empty List

my_list = [ ]

How to Add Items / Elements in List

We will use append() method to add a single item or element in the list.

Example:

# create a list named list1 as empty list
list1 = [ ]

# add item 900,1100,15 one by one
list1.append(900)
list1.append(1100)
list1.append(15)

# print the list

print(list1)

# print size / length of list

print ('Size of list=',len(list1))
Output:
[900, 1100, 15]
Size of list= 3

Adding an element at a specified location

insert() method is used to add an elemnt / item on a given location of the list.

insert() method uses two arguments, index and the item to be inserted.

For example to add 500 on index = 1 , that is on location 2 of list, we will use:

list1.insert(1,500)

In this way, if a list is [900, 1100, 15] with
Size of list= 3, after execution of the above insert(1,500) method call, the list will take the form:
[900, 500, 1100, 15] with Size of list= 4

# create a list named list1 as empty list
list1 = [ ]

# add one item 900
list1.append(900)
list1.append(1100)
list1.append(15)

# print the list

print(list1)

# print size / length of list

print ('Size of list=',len(list1))

# Insert element 500 on index 1

list1.insert(1,500)

# print the list

print(list1)

# print size / length of list

print ('Size of list=',len(list1))
Output:

[900, 1100, 15]
Size of list= 3
[900, 500, 1100, 15]
Size of list= 4

How to Acess a List in Python Langauge

As we know that a List in Python starts with index zero to size-1 as the index of the last item in the list. We can use index to access a list. For example to access first item we will use:

print(list1[0]) and to print the last item we will use print(list1[3]).

How to print a List?

We can print the entire list by using the name of the list:

list1 = [10,20,500]

print(list1)

Output:

[10,20,500]

We can use a for each loop for sequences to print the all items of List:

list1 = [10,20,500]

for item in list1:
    print(item)

Output:
10
20
500

We can use for loop with range() function to display the whole list:

list1 = [10,20,500]

for i in range(0,len(list1)):
    print(list1[i])

Output:
10
20
500

 

What is Negative Indexing in List

We can also use negative index to access elements of a Python List. We can access the list in reverese order. For example to display the last item of the list we can use:

print(list1[-1])

this will print 15, the last item. Similarly, print(list1[-2])

Printing a List in Reverse Order by Slicing

print(list1[::-1])

# Python program to show List slicing
# create a list named list1
list1 = [900,1100,15]

# print the list

print('List = ', list1)

# print size / length of list

print ('Size of list=',len(list1))

# print last item . use negative indexing

print('Last item=',list1[-1])

# print second last item of list

print('Second Last item=',list1[-2])

# print all items in reverse order

print('List in Reverse order=',list1[::-1])
Output:
List =  [900, 1100, 15]
Size of list= 3
Last item= 15
Second Last item= 1100
List in Reverse order= [15, 1100, 900]

How to input iems in List at runtime from User

We will create an empty list and use the input() function to get items from the user.  The append() method is used to enter items at runtime.

def main():
    
    # create empty list so that user will input at runtime
    number_list = [] 
  
    # ask the user to input n / how many numbers? 
    num = int(input("How many numbers you wish to Enter in list:")) 
  
    # Use for loop to enter n numbers in the list 
    for i in range(0, num): 
        item = int(input("Enter Number "+str(i+1)+" in List: ")) 
        number_list.append(item) 
      
    # print the list
    print("The enterd List is:",number_list)
    

main()    
Output:
How many numbers you wish to Enter in list:5
Enter Number 1 in List: 134
Enter Number 2 in List: 23
Enter Number 3 in List: 45
Enter Number 4 in List: 1
Enter Number 5 in List: 7890
The enterd List is: [134, 23, 45, 1, 7890]

How to use pop() method to remove and return an item by index

list1 = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]

# Remove first item
item = list1.pop(0)

print('Item removed or popped=',item)
print('Remaining list=',list1)
Item removed or popped= 10
Remaining list= [20, 30, 40, 50]

Using remove(item_value) Method to remove an item by value

list1 = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]
print('List is: ', list1)
# Remove item with value 40
list1.remove(40)

print('Remaining list=',list1)
Output:
List is:  [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]
Remaining list= [10, 20, 30, 50]

How to Remove All Items of List in Python Language?

We will use clear() method to delete all items of list.

list1 = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]
print('List is: ', list1)
# Remove all items
list1.clear()

print('Remaining list=',list1)

Output:

List is: [10, 20, 30, 40, 50]
Remaining list= []

Example Programs using List in Python Language

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